Uterine Fibroid is the most common disease which is
developed in about 20 to 80 percent of women by the age of 50 whereas 35
percent of women are diagnosed with this before they reach menopause. Fibroids
can make the women feel very uncomfortable and often cause many complications
depending on how serious is the case. In Pakistan, a large number of women are
suffering from this disease. Among those, many of them are not even aware of
this problem and hence not able to get it treated resulting in their health
are Uterine Fibroids?
The fibroid is the abnormal growth of the uterine tissues. It
sometimes can cause severe pain in abdomen with heavy menstruation. In some
cases, fibroids show no symptoms or pain at all. There can be a single fibroid in
the uterus or many of them. Fibroids often vary in size; as small as an inch to
the size of a rock melon.
There are some factors that can increase the risk of
getting fibroids in women. Among these, age plays a significant role. Women in
their 30s and 40s are most likely to develop fibroids. After they hit
menopause, fibroids shrink. Another factor is family history. If your mother
had fibroids, then your risk of getting it is three times greater than average.
Obesity in women can also increase the risk of developing fibroids.
The exact reasons of fibroids are not completely known but
based on the study by World Health Organization (WHO), the growth is caused by
the changing hormones in women and in some cases it is hereditary. Fibroids
rarely happen before a woman start getting periods. It is usually developed
during pregnancy and reduced in size after menopause.
Many women don’t show any symptoms of having fibroids. On
the other hand, according to the National Institute of Health, women who suffer
from fibroids start having heavy bleeding and pain during periods and extended
duration of their menstruation cycle (more than 8 days). If not monitored, it
can cause severe abdominal pain and frequent urination.
Fibroid is usually diagnosed during routine checkups with
your doctor, where the doctor examines the uterus and ovaries. In other cases,
fibroid can be diagnosed with the help of various tests; ultrasound, Magnetic
Resonance Imaging (MRI), Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy.
/ Medication to treat Fibroids
Usually, doctors give medication to treat fibroid.
Medicines can stop fibroid to grow, but cannot completely cure it. You will
require a surgery in a later stage of your life. There are two types of
surgeries doctors recommend:
- Myomectomy: This
type of surgery is done to remove fibroids without taking out the uterus.
This surgery is advised to women who wish to have children after the
- Hysterectomy: This
surgery is done when the size of fibroids is large and women are having
severe health issues. As a result of this surgery, fibroids are removed
along with the uterus. Women are not able to have children after
undergoing a hysterectomy.
if fibroids are not treated?
You should get yourself checked as soon as you start
noticing symptoms of fibroids. In few cases, fibroids can grow in size
resulting in abdomen swelling if not treated in time and hence need to be
removed through surgery. Untreated fibroids could lead to infertility in some
cases, but should be checked in detail before coming to any such conclusion.
Transparent Hands is a Social Enterprise that is empowering
people to help others enjoy happy and healthy lives. It is a Global Crowdfunding platform
that helps in conducting free of cost surgeries
of underprivileged people in Pakistan. It has been able to conduct surgeries of
over 200 patients so far out of which more than 15 were women who were suffering
from uterine fibroids. Most of these women had undergone Hysterectomy and had
their uterus removed completely. The throbbing abdominal pain and heavy
bleeding is now a bygone memory of their lives.